Installing Floor Tile - Tips on Estimating the Price

Installing Floor Tile - Tips on Estimating the Price

Subflooring Types

You'll need to consider a few things when estimating the price of installing floor tile. And the first one of them is the type of subfloor you have. Generally speaking, it is the surface under the actual floor you are walking on. As a rule, it is concrete (a slab), plywood or wood slats (raised foundation). All of these subflooring types require definite techniques and materials to get a high quality and efficiently looking tile job. In this article we're going to discuss raised foundations.

Raised Foundation

You risk facing a problem with installing floor tile over the wooden subflooring due to the flexibility of wood. So, if you don't prepare the floor properly, your ceramic tile will get loose because of the temperature change. It can be prevented, however, by installation of a solid surface over the wooden subfloor. It's wise to start from plywood, particularly if the subflooring is cracked or uneven. The plywood should be cut to fit around fixtures and corners. It has to be further screwed to the subfloor every 6-8 inches.

Backer Board

The backer board takes place over the top of the plywood. You're expected to meet two brands: Hardy Backer and Wonder Board. The former one is screwed to the plywood or subfloor with special screws which have to be bought beforehand.

Using Tile Spacers and Thinset Mortar

Thinset mortar is necessary for attaching tile to the backer board. But if you need a stronger floor, a layer of thinset should be added between the plywood and the backer board before screwing it down. It is usually gray or white, premixed or in powder form. The former one is much easier for completing smaller tile installation, but if you need to lay a great amount of tile, it will be more expensive. Rubber spacers are necessary for keeping grout lines more even.

Tile Grouting

After you have installed the tile, apply the ceramic tile grout. It has the look of fine sand and has to be mixed with some water and further pressed in between the laid tiles. When all this has set up properly, you may want to seal the tile or/and ceramic tile grout. Sealers may be in the form of a spray, while others require a rag to be applied with.

Supplies Necessary for Installing Floor Tile

That's not all for today as you'll need to be aware of the tools you will have to use while installing floor tile. The basic tools you will need to accomplish this project can be either borrowed, bought or rented. A saw is irreplaceable for cutting plywood, while a screw gun or drill - for attaching backer board and plywood and a scoring tool - for cutting backer board. You will also need a notched trowel to spread thinset. It should be mentioned that the notches are not triangular but square. Their size actually depends on the size of your tiles. You'll need a tile saw to cut tile to be fitted around fixtures, cabinets, and the walls. It is always better to rent a saw than to buy it as it is very expensive and you will probably not need it for some other projects. A spacer remover and grout float are not obligatory for installing floor tile. They are rather cheap thus can be afforded by almost everyone. Good luck in your project.